What is Leukemia? It is a rare blood-forming disorder caused by a drastic increase in the number of blood cells, usually those white blood cell (WBC) cells. These white blood cell (WBC) cells are your body's defense against infection.
The extra white blood cells do not function properly because they cannot kill or clear the infection from the bloodstream. They do not secrete the antibodies needed to fight infections. This leads to an increased risk of infection and increased bleeding in the affected areas. The bleeding can be very intense and lead to the formation of a large number of blood clots.
There are many different types of this condition, but it usually occurs in children. Leukemia can affect anyone at any age. It has a hereditary tendency and is inherited. It is more common in people of African American and Latino ethnic groups. The disease in most cases is treatable.
Leukemia itself is not cancer and is not spread by contact. When the blood is exposed to a virus, the virus attaches to the blood cell and causes it to multiply rapidly. But leukemia can damage blood and cells in a different way. If the blood cell to which it is attached dies, the disease will not spread. If you don't have leukemia, you can live a fairly long life without problems, as there are ways to keep your blood from getting damaged.
How is the disease diagnosed? If you have a family member with the condition, your doctor may have used blood tests to diagnose you with the condition. Your doctor will only do blood tests if he or she has determined that the person has leukemia. Another way to make a diagnosis is to have a bone marrow test. This is done in order to find out if you are a carrier of the disease. Once the diagnosis is made, a course of treatment may be prescribed.
There are many treatment options for leukemia; these include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunosuppressants, and immunoglobulin. inhibitors.
The patient is prescribed one of these treatments, depending on the severity of the disease
If a bone marrow test shows that the patient is not a carrier of leukemia, then the doctor can start treatment without trying to stop further damage to the blood cell and destroy the infected cells. The cancer cells will grow and divide until the cancer is completely removed from the patient. This is called Chemotherapy. The treatment can be given through a pill, liquid, shot, or injection. Chemotherapy is usually used if the cancer is in a small spot on the blood cell.
Chemotherapy also involves the use of drugs that are given to help kill off the cancerous cells. Sometimes the cancer is too large for surgery to get rid of. In this case the doctor will choose to treat with radiation. Radiation therapy is usually used to kill cancer cells after they have spread from a tumor to another part of the body.
If the cancer cells are in a large spot on the blood cell, surgery will be the next option. If the cancer is not on the blood cell, a surgical procedure will be used. Surgical procedures can either be to remove the cancer or to remove the entire lump of cancerous cells that have spread to other parts of the body.
The type of treatment that is recommended depends on the condition of the individual. Some people have to have both chemotherapy and surgery. A combination of treatment is also used to try and stop further blood cell damage to the body.
Chemotherapy often takes six months to a year, depending on how serious the problem is. Sometimes more than one type of chemotherapy is needed. Sometimes there is some need for a number of years before the cancer is completely eliminated. It is important to stay active so that the cancer doesn't spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer can be cured but it requires a lot of research and dedication to the person who has it. If the cancer is caught early, it is very treatable. Even if the cancer is on a minor place, there are ways to keep the spread at bay so that it does not spread and cause any more damage to the body.